1.7 Transportation

1.7 Transportation

  • Transportation by Land
  • Transportation by Air
  • Transportation by Sea
  • Number of Cars by Krafla and Þeistareykir
  • On Index

Transportation by Land

1.7 a. Average Traffic per Day in Selected Routes in the Central Area

This graph shows the development of average traffic per day in 2011-2020. The data is obtained from The Icelandic Road and Coastal Administration. 
Traffic increased in every measurement point since 2012. In 2017 traffic started to decrease in few measurements locations. 

A new steady measurements location was added in 2013 in Fljótsheiði and Dettifossvegur. 

Original data and processing

Transportation by Air

1.7 b. Transportation by Air

Commercial flight to Húsavík was dormant until 2012, when Eagle Air started it again.

This graph shows the percentage of airline passengers of all passengers in the airports in the western-, central- and eastern area. The part those four airports play for all passengers on domestic flights has increased from 26.8% to 30.12% in this period, reaching its peak, but in 2023 it was 26.28%. 
Data is obtained from Isavia.

Original data and processing

Transportation by Sea

1.7 c. Transportation by Sea, Cargo and Cruise Ships

The number of cargo and passenger ships arriving in Húsavík harbor is monitored. Data is obtained from the port director of Norðurþing municipality.

In 2020 no passenger ships came to Húsavík due to the coronavirus epidemic. The suspension of production by PCC BakkiSilicon also led to a reduction in the number of cargo ships arriving in Húsavík, from 65 (2020) to 45 (2021).  No passenger ships arrived in Húsavík in 2020 but there were yachts. No information is available on the number of passengers in the yachts.

The number of passenger ships that visited Húsavík in 2021, increased from 0 to 21, and since then the numbers have continoued to increased. In addition, two yachts visited Húsavík in 2021. The number of cargo ships that came to Húsavík also more frequent from the year 2021.

Original data and processing.

Number of Cars by Krafla and Þeistareykir

1.7 d. Traffic by Krafla and Þeistareykir

This graph shows the number of cars by Krafla and Þeistareykir. Data is obtained from Landsvirkjun, which has counters at Krafla and Theistareyki.

Monitoring of cars by Krafla started 10th of June 2016 but on the 23rd of June 2016, at Þeistareykir. 

In the year 2020 car traffic to both Krafla and Þeistareykir decreased significantly. The Covid-19 Pandemic has probably had the greatest impact on this. In 2021, traffic to Krafla increased again, but the number of trips to Þeistareyk continued to decrease.

On Index

It is important to monitor the traffic by land, air and sea during times of development and following it. With increased tourism, more traffic on certain routes can be expected. More tourists are also expected to fly and an increase in road traffic can be expected during times of development. 

Every year a number of guests visit the power stations and surrounding areas in Iceland. It is interesting to monitor the development of traffic in those areas with the new power station in Þeistareykir. 

This index will publish information on the number of passengers flying to and from Akureyri, Húsavík and Þórshöfn, the number of cruise and cargo ships in Húsavík harbour and the road traffic in selected routes. The routes are Víkurskarð, Fljótsheiði, Mývatnsheiði and Northeast road (average/24 hour traffic/summer/winter).


Data showing the number of passengers, number of ships and traffic will be published yearly. 

Information on flights is published in April, ships in January and traffic in December for the year before. 


Central area - flight - ship - traffic (Fljótsheiði - Mývatnsheiði - Tjörnes - Northeast road south of Húsavík) 

Eastern area - flight 

Western area - flight, traffic (Víkurskarð/Vaðlaheiði tunnel)


The project manager is responsible for acquiring the data and publishing it according to the publishing schedule.

Source Material

Data will be collected from Landsvirkjun, Norðurþing municipality, the Public Roads Administration and Isavia.